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Frequent Questions

1. What is the customs broker?
The broker in the customs is the Romanian juridical person constituted according to the law, who effects on behalf and for third persons, the declaration in detail of the commodities for the import, export, transit, storing and other customs operations, as well as the presentation of the declared commodities at the customs control and the payment in the customs of the import and export duties. Also the customs broker has the right to perform import or export operations in own name.

2. What is the basic customs duty?
The basic customs duties are established according to the Romania’s commercial politics and/or the international agreements to which Romania is a signatory party (The agreement on the application of art. VII of the General agreement for Fees and Commerce (GATT), an integral part of the agreement from Marrakech concerning the constitution of the World Commerce Organization, which Romania applies without reserves, ratified by Law

3. The percentage of the customs duties?
The customs duties are expressed in percentages and are included in the Romania’s customs import fee. Also, the denomination and classification of goods are included here. The percentage of the customs duties differs according to the commodities type and nature.

4. Transit and customs clearance modalities?
The customs transit represents a suspensive customs operation which, for certain categories of commodities, implies the guarantee of the customs duty (example – commodities subject to excise tax). Upon the exportation of commodities customs fees are not cashed, according to Law 86/2006 on the Romania’s Customs Code. In order to perform the transit of commodities there is necessary that the carrier or the customs brokers societies should posses guarantee instruments, which may be bank instruments (ex. guarantee letters) or having an intrinsic value (ex. the Tir card).
The customs brokers societies which obtained the quality of main bound persons and which possess guarantee documents (ex. global guarantee certificate) may perform for the economic agents all types of transit operations.

5. Acts and documents that represent the basis of drawing up the DVTZ and of definitive import ?
Necessary documents in order to draw up the customs declaration:
- a copy of the Unique registration Code (CUI)
- the original or a copy of the invoice.
- Documents issued by the carrier.
- Documents necessary in order to apply a preferential duty or concerning other derogatory measures to the basic duty schedule.

6. What are the preferential customs duties ?
The preferential customs duties make the object of certain agreements of free exchange conclude by Romania with countries (Moldavia, Turkey, Lithuania, Israel) or groups of countries (European Union - EU, European Association of the Free Exchange - AELS, CEFTA etc.) for certain commodities or categories of commodities.

7. Ways to return the goods if they do not meet the entrance conditions to Romania.
In the case when the goods do not meet the customs clearance conditions on the Romania’s territory they are sent back to the remitter in order to draw up the re-export formalities. (ex. EU3 SAU EX 3 Terms 3100-Commodities send back without being subject to the customs rights).

8. Questions concerning the environment acceptances, phytosanitary, and sanitary- veterinary acceptances.
The environment acceptances, phytosanitary, and sanitary- veterinary acceptances are granted by the authorized internal organisms, on the basis of the specific documentation according to the legislation in force; these acceptances are granted at the request of the customs authority on specific forms.

9. What is the customs declaration ?
The customs declaration is the unilateral document, with public character, by which a person manifests, under the forms and in the ways stipulated in the customs regulations, the will to place the commodities under established customs terms.